Posted on 10 Comments

Hoverboards and Scooters on UK streets


Is it legal or illegal using an electric light vehicle?


The rules of the road or the err… pavement.

You’ve probably seen online videos of people using electric scooters and electric monowheels. You might’ve already seen people zipping past you on the streets with them. As ‘self-balancing’ electric unicycles and electric scooters become more common across the UK, more people are starting to realize how much they can change their transport experience. Whether it’s commuting to work or simply riding around for pleasure, it’s amazing to discover how far these vehicles can take you. But what is the legality of riding them in public places? Here we have some handy facts to keep you on the right side of the law.


Where can I ride an electric scooter?

Unfortunately, it is not a regulation on where to ride electric scooters in the UK. Because they are motorized, are considered motorized vehicles by the Department for Transport and subject to road traffic laws. Oddly enough, electric bicycles, which are also powered, are waived from these requirements and are legal to ride under their own rules. The laws dealing with new electric motorized vehicles are woefully out of date. These new vehicles are green, make wonderful substitutes for bicycles and can reduce congestion in crowded cities. Personally, when using my e-scooter in London, I cut my commute time by a half and was able to operate the scooter safely in the bicycle lanes without any issue but let’s see

Under the Road Vehicles (Construction & Use) Regulations 1986, the Department of Transport considers these electric scooters to be motor vehicles even though they travel at less than 18mph. These vehicles need to obtain registration and comply with basic safety standards. Most two-wheeled vehicles that travel faster than 4mph have to comply with the European Community Whole Vehicle Type Approval (ECWVTA), which came into operation on 17 June 1999. The European Union does not understand how to classify these new personal electric vehicles. Member countries can pass their own specific legislation to handle them but the United Kingdom has refused to do so.

The Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994 (VERA) states that every mechanically propelled vehicle used or kept on a public road should be registered and licensed. Because electric scooters do not meet the relevant requirements for use on UK roads they cannot be registered and licensed for use on a public road in the United Kingdom. As a consequence, any user of such a vehicle on a public road is likely at the very least to be committing the offenses of using the vehicle without insurance and using the vehicle without an excise license.


So What should I do?

Even when it is a relaxation enforcing the law is important to keep in mind everything from above. From our side, as a reseller, distributor, and enthusiast specialized in Light Electric Vehicles (LEVs), we make sure all vehicles sold by us are CE Compliance and comply with basic safety standards required to date. We have a lot of feedback from our clients and from own personal experiences commuting around, the best advice is the Common Sense Rule and here are few tips just in case:

  • Riding on pavement or crowded areas use your foot to kick.
  • Wear a helmet, high-visibility vest and use a bell (electric vehicles are pretty quiet so make sure people can see you)
  • Limit the speed of your scooter to 15.5mph on urban areas. (Check your manual on how to or contact us)
  • Cycle routes are the best place to ride. You are not a motorbike even if you feel like one
  • Respect road signs, rules, and other road users.
  • Smile and enjoy!

 Make you commute the best moment of your day.


The future is bright. The age of urban transport is upon us. So hop on and enjoy!


More information:

New European Standard

European Committee for Standardization 


10 thoughts on “Hoverboards and Scooters on UK streets

  1. Actually electric unicycles are not covered by the bicycle law and are not covered by the
    moped law they have exactly the same coverage as normal unicycles and kick scooters.

    Their use depends on the local police chiefs stance on the matter, but basically so long
    as you do not cause a nuisance with them you will most likely be left alone.

    However at worst you may get a fine, you are not riding a motor vehicle.

    The law states two wheels or more, electric unicycles only have one wheel.

    An electric scooter is illegal because it has two wheels and no pedals that is its main
    propulsion methods, pure and simple.

    Unicycles electric or otherwise do not feature in any of the laws relating to bicycles
    mopeds or motorcycles or scooters.

    But it must be the single wheel type not the twin wheeled type.

    1. You are wrong for the UK.

      Section 185 RTA states: .. “motor cycle” means a mechanically propelled vehicle, not being an invalid carriage, with
      less than four wheels and the weight of which unladen does not exceed 410 kilograms,”

      less than four wheels certainly includes unicycles.

      1. Hello Matt, you are completely right sorry about the error, we are going to update this post asap actually, there are four laws that need to be updated for the UK to permit these vehicles to be used.
        Highway Act of 1835
        Road Vehicles (Construction & Use) Regulations 1986
        Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994 (VERA) and
        Road Traffic Act 1988.

  2. Me and my wife are moving to UK and
    were considering buying electro
    scooters for traveling to work. That
    idea came into our mind after
    visiting UK for the short time and
    seeing what a mess is happening on
    the roads with bikes (we are from
    Germany where you can get fine if you
    not keeping the distance (1.5 m) from
    the bike when overtaking it). However
    now, I realize, I can’t use scooters
    either, cause you not allowed to use
    pavements with them. So in your
    opinion, when this issue can be
    resolved and if there any loopholes
    which we can use?

    1. Hi Anton, thanks for the comment, neither in Germany electric scooters or any other PLEV are permitted to go on road or pavement. The lack of regulation for this vehicles affects every country in EU excluding Switzerland, Austria and Norway which they have implemented a temporary “regulation” on specific type vehicles. The vehicle type approval will also bring more safety and quality manufactured products beneficiating everyone of us. Next review of the draft will be 20-10-2017 with a forecasting voting date on 12-06-2018.

      There are no loopholes, there is a relaxation enforcing the law, police are not going to stop you if you follow traffic rules, use a helmet and ride responsibly. On my personal experience using my E-Twow for commuting almost every day, I think of myself as a bike, the cycle path is the best place to go, on pavement use your foot to kick. London is investing heavily on Cycle Highways and soon even us, electric commuters, we will see the benefits.

  3. I am a responsible road and pavement user… I acquired an electric kick scooter and have spent a
    month obtaining new parts and have now rebuilt it. I want to use it for my 2.5 mile commute in
    Hemel Hempstead which I have been walking for the last few month because I surrendered my
    drivers licence for medical reasons.

    Because I use pavements and the road at 5am and don’t see a sole and do the return journey via a
    disused rail line which is now a woodland walk, do you think I am safe from prosecution. I would
    dismount and push if a came across other vehicle or pedestrians.

  4. Please please help……..anyone?
    I was thinking of buying the German Scrooser but do not know where to start what with the forums & laws
    that keep putting me of regarding what’s legal and not!!!!!!
    Any advice would be most welcome?

    1. Hi Bobby,

      Are you getting one? it’s an amazing vehicle, I would love to try out if so.
      Unfortunately, the Scrooser falls into the (non-regulated, no road legal, private land only) category. In this case in particular, because of the size (it’s huge!), it looks like a motorbike so you might get stop depending on where you riding. There are many places where you can have fun with it legally, for commuting I wouldn’t recommend you to get one.

      By the way, E-twow and Egret scooters also come with COC (Certificate of Conformity)

  5. Minor typo in bullet list of advice at end of post. I suggest that you meant ‘Cycle routes are the best place
    to ride. You are not a motorbike even if you feel like one’

    1. Thank you Peter for the correction, noted

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